Path to the Realization of Peace and Harmony
Ever since the 21st century, cultural problems have aroused world-wide concern. It has been deeply realized by those who have insight that without global cultural harmony, mutual political trust and economical benefit are mere theory or become mere formality, not to mention forming effective international cooperation when confronted with global challenges. Therefore, an integration of global cultures at in-depth level is of pressing urgency to human society. Thus, I would like to raise three points:
I. The Organic Integration of Overall Diversity and Regional Diversity.
With exchanges becoming increasingly frequent, diversity is not only a description of the status of the world as a whole; it is also a reflection of the reality of most countries. It can be foreseen that cultural diversity of the world as a whole in the future will take root in the cultural diversities of each region. In some places, because people pursue unitary domination with one-sided approach and fail to achieve diversity and mutual integration, a great number of confrontations among ethnic groups and social conflicts are created which not only affect their only stability, but also produce elements of instability in neighboring regions. If the ethical requirements of a particular cultural tradition are taken arbitrarily to judge the normal living styles of other cultural traditions, some conducts which are irrelevant to ethics at all will also be colored as right, wrong, virtuous or evil, which will certainly result in false value judgments and even ultra emotional reactions. Therefore, every cultural tradition should exercise tolerance and reconciliation, and resolve the over tension within society with mutual sincerity. If every region can realize diversity and mutual integration, then the diversity and mutual integration of the world as a whole will be achieved as a matter of course.
II. The Organic Integration of Consensus Thinking and Diversity Modes.
Regarding values, we should help the major cultural traditions reach certain universal consensus under the precondition of mutual respect. Although varying living environments have produced varying cultural traditions, among them there should still be many common concepts which have common spirit. We need to make such common thinking cohere into consensus thinking that has universal meaning and become the common spiritual wealth of all human beings.
Concerning the mode of practice, we should encourage all the cultural traditions to adopt diverse and localized methods for practice in respect of such consensus thinking in accordance with their own needs and circumstances. Therefore, whichever cultural tradition is formed by long-term exploration and endeavors in their adapting to living environments, it is a unique manifestation of the common thinking of mankind. Thus, there does not exist a best cultural mode that can fit all situations. As a matter of fact, the more common a concept is, the more proper mode of practice need to be selected in accordance with specific causes and conditions of specific time and space.
III. Organic Integration of Absorption Value and Contribution Value.
Absorption value is comprehensively examining the existence of other cultures as reference and turning the advantages of other cultures into resources that are beneficial to perfecting one’s own culture. It is because different cultures complement each other remarkably that conducting dialogue among each other becomes highly necessary. During such a process, each culture should be established on its own position and enlarge its vision, enrich its content and elevate its state by understanding and learning the excellent fruit of other cultures.
Contribution value refers to making in-depth summary of the positive values of the existence of one culture contributes to other cultures and making appropriate constructive suggestions to other cultures. The more positive values a culture contributes to other cultures, the more it can be respected and recognized by other cultures, and the more it can make great contribution to the whole human culture. The underlying driving force of the improvement and progress of human culture comes from the gathering and integration of the positive value of all the cultures.
The prospect of peace and harmony
Peace and harmony of all the human beings mean peace and harmony among all the nations, ethnic groups and religions. Meanwhile, it is peace and harmony of each nation, ethnic group and religion that constitute peace and harmony of all the human beings. The “Harmony Culture”, an excellent tradition of Chinese civilization, has lasted for thousands of years and made tremendous contribution to promoting the harmonious coexistence of various ethnic groups and the convergence and fusion of religious cultures, thus it has immeasurable enlightening significance to the peace and harmony of mankind in our age.
Religious culture epitomizes the achievement of culture and wisdom of mankind, and all the major religions regard selfless great love as their fundamental tenet. Promoting peace and harmony of all the human beings is the common noble mission and great cause of all the religions. May the leaders of all religions make a concerted effort to transcend the limits of religions and religious sects, jointly shoulder the moral obligation of concern for the world and concern for mankind, and guide and prompt all the human beings to join hands to ultimately realize peace and harmony to a supremely good state with the peace and harmony of religions.